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The figure shows how the enzyme PpnN binds pppGpp and speeds up conversion of guanylate (GMP) to its constituents ribose-5-phosphate and guanine. This enables bacteria to balance their tolerance towards antibiotics with the fitness requirements for survival (below). Ditlev E. Brodersen/AU

2019.04.23 | Research

Researchers reveal how bacteria can adapt to resist treatment by antibiotics

In a joint collaboration, researchers from Denmark and Switzerland have shown that bacteria produce a specific stress molecule, divide more slowly, and thus save energy when they are exposed to antibiotics. The new knowledge is expected to form the basis for development of a new type of antibiotics.

Structure of the calciumpump highlighting where the minor (blue spheres) and major (red spheres) differences between calciumpumps are located in the structure. With this knowledge it is possible to target specific pumps.

2019.04.11 | Research

New insights into calcium transport may help develop new drugs

A normal function of the heart and nerve system is, among other things, dependent on proper regulation of calcium in the cells. This process depends on the proper functioning of the calcium pump. New studies of the calcium pump structure give new insight into this process, which may help with the development of new drugs for treatment such as…

Dr. Hossein Mohammad-Beigi and Professor Daniel Otzen, Aarhus University, shows that a specific and widely common strain of olives excels as a natural inhibitor of Parkinson’s disease progress. (Image: Colourbox.com)

2019.04.01 | Research

Widely common olive species excel as natural inhibitor of Parkinson’s disease

The compositions of antioxidants in a certain species of olive fruits have been found to be superior in protection against Parkinson's disease. As Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, but still without a cure, this is an important finding on the way to combat this crippling condition.

For the second time in his career, Professor Jens Stougaard from the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Aarhus University receives an ERC Advanced Grant from the European Research Council for research in plant molecular biology. Photo: Lisbeth Heilesen, AU.

2019.03.28 | Grant

Jens Stougaard receives prestigious grant from the European Research Council

For the second time in his career, Professor Jens Stougaard from the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Aarhus University receives an ERC Advanced Grant from the European Research Council for research in plant molecular biology. The amount awarded is EUR 2.5 million and runs over five years.

The photo shows two nodules on the root of the legume <em>Lotus japonicus</em>. This plant has symbiosis with the soil bacterium <em>Mesorhizobium loti</em>. In the symbiosis, the bacteria get carbohydrates from the plant, and the bacterium delivers fixed nitrogen to the plant. Therefore, the plant can do without nitrogen fertilizer. The bacteria are stained for the LacZ enzyme (dark blue) and the plant's nuclei are stained with DAPI. The nuclei are seen as light blue dots. You can see the bacteria in the young nodule and on the surface of the older nodule. In the research group - The Section for Plant Molecular Biology at the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics - the researchers have isolated many of the plant genes necessary for the symbiosis.

2019.03.28 | Awards

Niels Sandal wins the prize for the science photo of the year 2019

The Danish National Research Foundation and videnskab.dk have invited researchers to participate in a photo competition on photos from their research. The judging committee selected Niels Sandal's photo with two nodules on the root of the leguminous plant Lotus japonicus as the science photo of 2019.

Professor Rune Hartmann (left) and Postdoc Hans Henrik Gad have - in collaboration with German and Swedish research groups - shown how a protein called IFN-λ can both fight a viral infection directly, but also boost the formation of new antibodies against the virus. Photo: Lisbeth Heilesen, AU.

2019.03.19 | Research

When the immune system is multitasking

An international research team has shown how a protein called IFN-λ can both fight a viral infection directly, but also boost the formation of new antibodies against the virus. The discovery gives new important knowledge about how different parts of the immune system communicate and will make it easier to make more effective vaccines, especially…

The methane content of cow burps can be reduced and the cows' feed efficiency improved at the same time with targeted breeding. Photo: Jesper Rais

2019.02.27 | Research

Both the climate and farm economy can come out on top

With the aid of low-cost, high-capacity recording methods, dairy cattle farmers can reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that their cows burp while at the same time improving the animals’ feed efficiency.

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A research group has just elucidated the structure of a sugar transport protein that is unique to plants. The new structure can help explain how plant organs - such as pollen - develop properly, and give ideas as to why some subspecies of wheat are resistant to fungal attacks. Figures: Bjørn Panyella Pedersen.

2019.01.25 | Research

New insight into unique sugar transport in plants

A small research group at Aarhus University has just elucidated the structure of a sugar transport protein that is unique to plants. The new structure can help explain how plant organs - such as pollen - develop properly, and give ideas as to why some subspecies of wheat are resistant to fungal attacks.

Professor Jan J. Enghild has received a grant from the Novo Nordisk Foundation of EUR 2 million to buy high-tech equipment for biological mass spectroscopy. Photo: Lisbeth Heilesen, AU.

2019.01.22 | Grant

High-tech equipment for biological mass spectroscopy

With a grant from the Novo Nordisk Foundation of EUR 2 million (DKK 15 million), Professor Jan J. Enghild can pursue his vision of establishing a "state-of-the-art" platform within biological mass spectroscopy.

Professor Torben Heick Jensen receives DKK 60 million from the Novo Nordisk Foundation to establish the research center 'Exo-Adapt', which will determine how our cells sort genetic information. Photo: Lisbeth Heilesen.

2019.01.08 | Grant

60 million Danish kroner for basic biomedical research

Professor Torben Heick Jensen, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, receives DKK 60 million (Euro 8 million) from the Novo Nordisk Foundation's Challenge Programme to establish the research center 'Exo-Adapt', which will determine how our cells sort genetic information.

Gregers Rom Andersen (left) and Poul Nissen participate in a new three-year EU project, which has received a grant from the EU of EUR 3.6 million. Photo: Lisbeth Heilesen
The HALOS collaboration includes eight academic research institutes in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Germany, MAX IV and ESS in Sweden, DESY and the European XFEL in Germany, the Medicon Valley Alliance (MVA), industry in MedTech, BioTech and Pharma, Region Skåne, the Capital Region of Denmark and the City of Hamburg. Figure: Lund University

2019.01.02 | Grant

Aarhus University participates in a new Oresund-Kattegat-Skagerak EU Life Science Network

Gregers Rom Andersen and Poul Nissen from the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, participate in a new three-year EU project for the Oresund-Kattegat-Skagerak (OKS) area, which has received a grant from the EU of EUR 3.6 million.

The cow's genetics and changes in her rumen flora can affect how much methane she emits. Photo: Janne Hansen

2018.12.12 | Research

Methane from cow burps can be reduced by a two-front approach

Combing a cow’s own genetics with strategies that target changes in her rumen flora may be able to reduce methane emissions more effectively than by only selecting for low methane-emitting cows.

2018.12.06 | Grant

Six researchers from MBG receive a grant from the Novo Nordisk Foundation

The Novo Nordisk Foundation has awarded a total of 51 grants for project support in Life Sciences and Basic Biomedicine. Of this, six MBG researchers have been granted a grant.

The Bioinnovation Institute has  a total of 12,000 m2 at its disposal and is housed in Copenhagen. Photo: The Novo Nordisk Foundation.
Poul Nissen has been appointed as an expert to assist the Novo Nordisk Foundation to find the best researchers in the life science area for their new incubation programmes at the Bioinnovation Institute. Photo: Lisbeth Heilesen

2018.11.29 | People

New incubation programmes from the Novo Nordisk Foundation

The Novo Nordisk Foundation's new Bioinnovation Institute (BII) has appointed a panel from universities, venture funds and life science companies to help assess applications for their new incubation programmes.

With a new project, researchers hope to be able to develop "artificial tasting machines". Photo: Colourbox

2018.11.20 | Grant

DNA molecules will be used to mimic human sense of taste

Human sense of taste is complex and difficult to imitate. An interdisciplinary project is now aiming at developing extremely fast "artificial tasting machines" that use DNA molecules as billions of small "sensors" to imitate human sense of taste with unprecedented accuracy.

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