Research at the department ranges from basic to applied research within molecular biology. The department is organised in five research sections (Plant Molecular Biology, Neurobiology, RNA Biology and Innovation, Protein Science, Cellular Health, Intervention, and Nutrition), a number of centres of excellence and various interdisciplinary centres.
Research largely takes place in collaboration with researchers from other laboratories, both in Denmark and abroad, and often in collaboration with researchers from other research areas. Several of the department's researchers also have a collaboration with industry.
The Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics strives to ensure that new knowledge generated by researchers is communicated to a wider group in society, and as far as possible leads to the development of new products and technologies. Among other things, this is reflected in collaboration with companies, patents, entrepreneurship, industrial PhD's, collaboration with secondary school pupils as well as dissemination of knowledge to the general public.